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This tutorial shows 2 ways for converting Java objects to JSON.

This kind of conversion is normally done via third-party libraries as it’s not supported by the JDK itself and requires a hard work to do it manually.

1- Gson

The most popular library used for converting Java objects to JSON is the Google Gson library.

Using Gson, you can get a JSON String out of an object through one line as the following:

public static String convertUsingGson(Student student)
    Gson gson = new Gson();
    String studentJson = gson.toJson(student);
    return studentJson;

All you have to do is to include gson jar in the classpath.

P.S: It’s worth to mention that toJson() method accepts also Hashmap, ArrayList and Arrays.

2- Jackson

Another popular library is Jackson.

In order to convert Java objects to JSON using Jackson, you have to include 3 libraries: jackson-annotations, jackson-core and jackson-databind.

Here is the way:

public static String convertUsingJackson(Student student)
    String studentJson = "";
        ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
        studentJson = mapper.writeValueAsString(student);
    catch(Exception ex)
        System.out.println("Error while converting Student object to Json");
    return studentJson;

P.S: writeValueAsString() method accepts also Hashmap, ArrayList and Arrays.


This tutorial shows 2 ways for converting Java objects to JSON.

Next Steps

If you're interested in learning more about the basics of Java, coding, and software development, check out our Coding Essentials Guidebook for Developers, where we cover the essential languages, concepts, and tools that you'll need to become a professional developer.

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Final Notes